Helen Timperley Conclusion

The 10 principles are integrated to inform cycles of learning and action.


1. Process begins with a question about students’ learning needs.
  • Presupposes identifying the outcomes valued by the community and assessing how students are doing.
  • Teachers’ understanding of what outcomes are important and achievable often evolve in the course of a professional learning cycle.

2. Teachers must learn worthwhile knowledge and skills, those that:
  • have been subject to research and wide debate
  • are most likely to have positive impacts on student outcomes
  • will bridge the gap between current understandings and valued student outcomes

3. Theory and practice as they relate to curriculum, teaching practice and assessment knowledge must be integrated.
  • Teaching is a complex activity.
  • Decisions shaped by teachers’ beliefs and theories about what it means to be effective.
  • Theoretical understandings give coherence to these decisions

4. Assessment is the basis for professional inquiry.
  • If student learning needs, professional learning needs and worthwhile content are to be aligned, teachers must be able to discover what students already know and can do and how to build on that knowledge in deep meaningful ways.

5. In the most effective professional learning:
  • leaders are active participants and have a crucial role in developing vision, modeling what it means to be a learner and managing teacher engagement.

6 Certain conditions promote engagement in professional learning:
  • Multiple opportunities to learn
  • Trust and challenge in environments
  • Approaches adapted to fit the new learning involved
  • Process new learning with colleagues
  • Use knowledgeable expertise to facilitate

7. Judge the impact of changed actions on students
  • Teachers must have developed deep self regulatory skills to do this
  • When expertise is withdrawn teachers have to be able to determine the effectiveness of their actions.
  • Thus teacher self regulatory skills one of the strongest determinants of ongoing improvement.

Final reflection questions

You may wish to reflect privately on the two discussion questions in the Voicethread below. If you do want to share with the group, you can respond in two ways:
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  2. Respond to the question prompts by contributing to the forum topic in the Discussion tab.

Further Reading

For more information on complex change see the supplementary material here